Information and links to help you navigate the world of marine policy.

   

The world of policy can be difficult place to navigate, however, certain key documents are of international significance acting as milestones to help explain the current state of our seas and surrounding legislation. We’ve collated some key reports and legislation documents, at international, regional and national level, concerning the coastal and marine environment and hope these will help you understand marine policy.

    

Country

Name

Type

INTERNATIONAL

Antarctic

The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)

1980

Conservation measures that determine the use of marine living resources in the Antarctic

Legislation

The Antarctic Treaty

1959

Legislation to ensure Antarctica is used “exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord"

Legislation

Global

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

1982

Defines nation’s rights and responsibilities with respect to their use of the world's oceans and establishes guidelines for the management of marine natural resources

Legislation

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

A set of goals to promote prosperity while protecting the planet

Policy

International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

1946

A legally binding schedule of specific measures to regulate whaling and conserve whale stocks.

Legislation

REGIONAL

Eastern Caribbean

Eastern Caribbean Regional Ocean Policy 2013

Discussion document to promote and guide the future sustainable use and development of the region’s marine waters and resources

Policy

Europe

EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive

A framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy

Legislation

Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas (ASCOBANS)

1994

Legislation

Pacific Islands

The Pacific Islands Regional Ocean Policy 2005

Policy document outlining the importance of ocean and coastal resources

Policy

NATIONAL

Australia

National Ocean Policy of Australia

1998

Policy

Bahamas

The Bahamas’ National Maritime Policy

2015

Policy

Belgium

Public Enterprises, Science Policy and Development Cooperation, in charge of Major Cities

Policy

Canada

Oceans Act

1996

Legislation

Fiji

Kiribati Integrated Environment Policy

2013

Policy

India

Ocean Policy Statement

Policy

Jamaica

Climate Change Policy Framework for Jamaica

Policy

Japan

The 3rd Basic Plan on Ocean Policy

2018

Policy

Malta

Integrated Maritime Policy: Making Malta a Centre of Maritime Excellence

Policy

Namibia (Republic of)

Marine Resources Act

2000 (amended 2015)

Legislation

Papua New Guinea

Integrated Papua New Guinea Oceans Policy

Policy

Seychelles

Seychelles’ Blue Economy. Strategic Policy Framework and Roadmap: Charting the Future (2018-2030)

Policy

Solomon Islands

Integrated National Oceans Policy and Marine Spatial Plan for Solomon Islands

Policy

South Africa (Republic of)

Marine Spatial Planning Act

2018

Legislation

Tonga

Tonga Climate Change Policy: A Resilient Tonga by 2035

Policy

United Kingdom

UK Marine Policy Statement

2011

Framework for preparing Marine Plans and taking decisions affecting the marine environment.

Policy

A Green Future: Our 25 Year Plan to Improve the Environment

2018

Report from the Government outlining the plan to improve the natural environment within the next 25 years.

Policy

Marine and Coastal Access Act

2009

Government legislation to improve management and protection of the UK’s marine and coastal environment

Legislation

The Conservation of Habitats and Species (Amendment) Regulations

2012

Covers territorial seas of England and Wales out to 12 nautical miles.

Legislation

United States

Federal Ocean Acidification Research And Monitoring Act

2009

Legislation

Integrated Coastal and Ocean Observation System Act

2009

Legislation

Coastal and Ocean Observation System Act

2009

Legislation

NOAA Ocean Exploration and Undersea Research Program Act

2009

Legislation

Ocean and Coastal Mapping Integration Act

2009

Legislation

Vanuatu

Vanuatu’s National Ocean Policy

2016

Policy