Posted on Dec 22, 2017
A new article in the Journal of Biological Chemistry : "Evidence for a conserved inhibitory binding mode between the membrane fusion assembly factors Munc18 and syntaxin in animals" by Pawel Burkhardt , Research Fellow at the MBA in collaboration with Dirk Fasshauer from the Université de Lausanne decribes the precise mode of interaction between membrane fusion factors involved in secretory vesicle trafficking.
Read the abstract here .
Posted on Dec 5, 2017
The MBA's Matt Frost (4th from right) among the intake of scientists at Westminster Hall for the Royal Society pairing scheme 2017.
The MBA's Matt Frost is at Westminster this week, taking part in the Royal Society's pairing scheme .
During his visit Dr Frost will shadow Sheryll Murray MP and learn about her work. As well as attending seminars and panel discussions about how evidence is used in policy making, Dr Frost will also attend a mock Select Committee.
Dr Frost is no stranger to the science-policy interface; he is a regular visitor to Westminster, responding to consultations on the marine environment and providing evidence to Select Committees. The pairing scheme is extremely valuable as he will get a behind-the-scenes insight into how policy is formed and how his research can be used to make evidence-based decisions. It will also give Sheryll Murray the opportunity to investigate the science behind her decisions and improve their access to scientific evidence.
Dr Frost said, "I...
Posted on Nov 29, 2017
The microbiome is the entire community of microbes within a habitat and the surrounding environmental conditions. It holds arguably the most important and extraordinarily diverse forms of life on the planet, and sustains the biodiversity of life on Earth.
The Microbiology Society’s report ‘ Unlocking the Microbiome ’ was launched on 15 November 2017. It explores opportunities and challenges for microbiome research identified over the course of the Microbiome Policy Project. It will also provide an opportunity for multidisciplinary networking and knowledge exchange between researchers, funders, learned societies, policy advisers and other stakeholders interested in microbiome research.
The MBA’s contribution to the report through Dr Declan Schroeder (Senior MBA Fellow and member of the expert panel) can be seen in particular in Section 4.3. Environment - highlighting...
Posted on Nov 20, 2017
In her speech during the COP23 conference in Bonn, MP Thérèse Coffey showed great enthusiasm for marine issues. Both the Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership (MCCIP) and the UK Ocean Acidification Program (UKOA) were mentioned as examples of collaborative science partnerships.
The most recent MCCIP report draws heavily on Interim Director of the MBA, Dr Matt Frost et al.'s 2017 paper " Reporting marine climate change impacts: Lessons from the science-policy interface ".
Dr Coffey said "The UK set up the Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership (MCCIP) to provide verifiable evidence of the effect of climate change. This brings together scientists, government, its agencies and NGOs and has just published “Marine Climate change Impacts - 10 years’ experience of science to policy reporting”.
On the previous day (10th November), there had been a EU...
Posted on Nov 9, 2017
The MBA and British Ecological Society (BES) ran a major conference on 31 October looking at the post-Brexit landscape for science and policy.
The event aimed to:Identify the key challenges and opportunities for marine environmental policy in the UK after Brexit; Highlight the role of marine biological and ecological science in addressing these challenges, including existing knowledge and future research needs; Identify the priorities for enhancing the UK’s status as a world leader in marine science and maintain effective international collaboration.
The outputs of the event will inform the development of a joint British Ecological Society and Marine Biological Association policy brief
Jill Barrett , an expert in international law, set the scene with a presentation on the effect of Brexit on the UK’s international law obligations relating to the marine...
Posted on Nov 8, 2017
MBA scientists have shown for the first time how skates make night-time forays into shallower water. This unique window on the fine details of fish behaviour was made possible by data from electronic tagging, and may influence the management of these vulnerable species.
The skate species in the study were blonde ray ( Raja brachyura ), thornback ray ( R. clavata ), small-eyed ray ( R. microocellata ) and spotted ray ( R. montagui ). MBA researchers analyzed the data from 89 tags from recaptured skates. Combining the results with their knowledge of skate ecology, a credible picture of previously unknown migratory behaviour emerged in which skates move across a varied seabed topography, searching and foraging for food along the way.
The exact reasons for these journeys remain a mystery but the study rules out some explanations, for...
Posted on Nov 2, 2017
A detailed survey of marinas and rocky shores in south Devon and Cornwall have identified a link between populations of invasive seaweeds. Under certain conditions it seems that marinas facilitate the spread of the invasive kelp Wakame into natural rocky coastlines.
Wakame, or Undaria pinnatifida , is a non-native kelp that has been present in the UK since 1994. It is predominantly found in marinas or harbours, growing on man-made structures such as floating pontoons. Using a mixture of pontoon surveys, snorkelling and video techniques, Wakame was found at all marinas surveyed, but in only around half of the natural coastal sites.
Wakame was more likely to be found growing on natural coastlines when the site was close to a marina with a high abundance of the invader. Locations with larger areas of pontoons were also more likely to contain natural reef sites...