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MECN Publications

The most recent report by the MECN is now available for download:

Scientific Report No 11. April, 2006. Frost, M. T, Jefferson, R. & Hawkins, S. J. (Editors). (2006). The evaluation of time series: their scientific value and contribution to policy needs. Report prepared by the Marine Environmental Change Network (MECN) for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Marine Biological Association, Plymouth. Contract CDEP 84/5/311. Marine Biological Association Occasional Publications No. 22. 94pp. [PDF]

MECN publications are listed as follows:

Defra Contract Reports: Network activity reports supplied to Defra as MECN deliverables

Scientific Reports: Reports (deliverables and non-deliverables) containing information on MECN scientific activities and outputs including regional time series reviews

Strategic Reports: Reports outlining MECN function and future development

Time-series Publications: Research papers and reports that have utilised long-term data and time series maintained by MECN partners. Only publications from 2000 onwards are listed and all publications are listed according to region. Publications from the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey can be obtained from the Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS)

Other Relevant Publications: References relevant to the MECN such as those concerned with long-term data collection and time series, monitoring, ecosystem management, policy etc.

Where MECN reports are available as PDF downloads, links are provided. All reports are available on request (email: mecn@mba.ac.uk).

Defra Contract Reports

Defra Contract Report No. 01. 21st March 2002. Report on start-up activities. N. J. Mountford. Defra contract CDEP 84/5/311

Defra Contract Report No. 02a. 21st March 2003.Summary report on year 1 activities. N. J. Mountford. Defra contract CDEP 84/5/311

Defra Contract Report No. 02b. 31st March 2003. Year 1 Report (Deliverable 4). N. J. Hardman-Mountford & S. J. Hawkins. Defra contract CDEP 84/5/311

Defra Contract Report No. 03. 17th November 2003. Year 1 Report (Deliverable 4). N. J. Hardman-Mountford & S. J. Hawkins. Defra contract CDEP 84/5/311

Defra Contract Report No. 04. .30th April 2004. Year 2 Report (Deliverable 6). M. T. Frost & N. J. Hardman-Mountford. Defra contract CDEP 84/5/311

Defra Contract Report No. 05. 30th November 2004. Network Activities Report (Deliverable 7). M. T. Frost & N. J. Hardman-Mountford. Defra contract CDEP 84/5/311

Defra Contract Report No. 06. September 2005. MECN Pilot Phase final report. (Deliverable 9). M. T. Frost, N. J. Hardman-Mountford, K. Kennington, C. L. J. Frid, C. Griffiths, I. Joint, S. J. Hawkins. Defra contract CDEP 84/5/311 (PDF)


Scientific Reports

Scientific Report No. 01. 17th November 2003. A review of long-term research in the western English Channel. Langmead, O., Southward, AJ, Hardman-Mountford, NJ, Aiken, J, Boalch, GT, Joint, I, Kendall, M, Halliday, NC, Harris, RP, Leaper, R, Mieszkowska, N, Pingree, RD, Richardson, AJ, Sims, DW, Smith, T, Walne, AW and Hawkins, SJ. Defra Contract CDEP 84/5/311 (PDF)

Scientific Report No. 02. 17th November 2003. Long-term environmental studies in the Irish Sea: a review. Evans, G.L., Hardman-Mountford, N. J., Hartnoll, R. G., Kennington, K., Mitchelson-Jacob, E.G., Shammon, T. & Williams, P.J. le B. Defra Contract CDEP 84/5/311(PDF)

Scientific Report No. 03. 17th November 2003. The Tiree Passage Time Series: 1981-2003. Mark Inall and Colin Griffiths. Contract CDEP 84/5/311(PDF)

Note: the North Sea report sent to Defra is not included as part of the Scientific Report Series, as it forms part of a previously published piece of work and is therefore subject to copyright. The reference for the North Sea Report is:
Clark, R.A. and C.L.J. Frid. (2001). Long-term changes in the North Sea ecosystem. Environmental Reviews. 9: 131-187.

Scientific Report No. 04 (22nd December 2004). Report on the intercalibration of marine temperature and salinity measurements. Hardman-Mountford, N. J. & Halliday, N. Contract CDEP 84/5/311.

Scientific Report No. 05. (22nd December 2004). Report on the inter-comparability of long-term time series in the marine environment of the British Isles. Hardman-Mountford N. J. Joint, I., Walne A. & Kennington, K. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

Scientific Report No. 06. (In prep). Report on climatological remote sensing of sea surface temperature and chlorophyll for the North West European Shelf. Hardman-Mountford N. J. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

Scientific Report No. 07. 30th April 2005. WESTERN ENGLISH CHANNEL: Final Report of the Plymouth Module (MBA, PML, SAHFOS). Ian Joint, Matthew Frost & Nick Halliday. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

Scientific Report No. 08. 30th April 2005. NORTH SEA: Final report of the Dove Marine Laboratory. Chris Frid. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

Scientific Report No. 09. 30th April 2005. IRISH SEA : Final report of Port Erin Marine Laboratory: Review of PEML long-term monitoring activities 2001-2004. Kev Kennington. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

Scientific Report No. 10. 30th April 2005. WEST COAST: Final report of the Scottish Association for Marine Science. Colin Griffiths. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

Scientific Report No 11. April, 2006. Frost, M. T, Jefferson, R. & Hawkins, S. J. (Editors). (2006). The evaluation of time series: their scientific value and contribution to policy needs. Report prepared by the Marine Environmental Change Network (MECN) for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Marine Biological Association, Plymouth. Contract CDEP 84/5/311. Marine Biological Association Occasional Publications No. 22. 94pp. [PDF]

Strategic Reports

Strategic Report No. 01. 30 th June 2003 . Concept note on future funding of the Marine Environmental Change Network. N. J. Hardman-Mountford & S. J. Hawkins. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

Strategic Report No. 02. 31 st October 2004 . Discussion Document A. Marine Environmental Change Network (MECN): A brief summary of plans for the further development of the MECN in phase 2. Frost, M. T., Hardman-Mountford, N. J. & Hawkins, S. J. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

Strategic Report No. 03. 18 th November 2004 . Response to Questions on MECN from Beth Greenaway, Defra. N. J. Hardman-Mountford, M. T. Frost, & S. J. Hawkins. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

Strategic Report No. 04. 14 th September 2005 . Marine Environmental Change Network and the UK Monitoring Framework (September 2004). M. T. Frost. Contract CDEP 84/5/311

 

Time-series Publications

IRISH SEA

Evans, G.L., Williams, P.J. le B. & E.G. Mitchelson-Jacob. (2003). Physical and anthropogenic effects on observed long-term nutrient changes in the Irish Sea . Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science . 57, 1159-1168.

Evans, G. L., P. J. l. B. Williams, et al. (2001). Interdecadal Variability of Nutrients in the Irish Sea . Report prepared on behalf of Marine Institute ( Dublin , Ireland ) and Environment Agency ( North-West Region , UK ). School of Ocean Sciences, University of Wales , Bangor .

Gowen, R.J. (In press). The Irish Sea : nutrient status and phytoplankton. Journal of Sea Research .

Gowen, R.J., Hydes, D.J., Mills, D.K., Stewart, B.M., Brown, J., Gibson, C. E., Shammon, T.M., Allen, M., & Malcolm, S.J. (2002) Assessing trends in nutrient concentrations in coastal shelf seas: a case study in the Irish Sea. Estuarine and Coastal Science Shelf . 54:927-939

Hartnoll, R. G. (2000). The Irish Sea . Seas At the Millennium: an Environmental Evaluation. Volume 1. Regional Chapters: Europe , the Americas and West Africa . . C. R. C. Sheppard. Amsterdam , Pergamon: 83-98

Hartnoll, R.G., Shammon, T. & K. Kennington. (In press). The Port Erin long term monitoring programme appreciation at last? ECSA Proceedings

Hartnoll, R.G., Kennington, K. & Shammon, T. (2002). Eutrophication in the Irish Sea a threat to biodiversity? In, J.D. Nunn (Ed.), Marine Biodiversity in Ireland and Adjacent Waters, Ulster Museum, MAGNI Publ. 008, 121-130.

Hydes, D. J., R. J. Gowen, et al. (2004). External and internal control of winter concentrations (N, P, Si) in north-west European shelf seas. Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science 59(151-161).

Kennington, K. & Rowlands W.L. (2005 in prep). Strategic Environmental Assessment of SEA area 6 ( Irish Sea ). 1) Plankton. Report to the Dti.

Kennington, K., Shammon, T.M., Wither, A. Kraberg, A, Jones, P., Harrison, A. & Hartnoll, R.G. (2004). The distribution of nutrients and phytoplankton in the northern Irish Sea during 2002. Environment Agency Technical Report. E 1049/TR6

Kennington, K., Shammon, T.M., Wither, A. Kraberg, A, Jones, P., Harrison, A. &
Hartnoll, R.G. (2005). The distribution of nutrients and phytoplankton in the
northern Irish Sea during 2003.
Environment Agency Technical Report. E
1049/TR7

Kennington. K, J. Waniek, T.M. Shammon, D.J. Slinn, R.D.M. Nash, R. Prien & R.G.
Hartnoll. (2005 Submitted). Biogeochemical signature of recent climate variability in the Irish Sea . Limnology and Oceanography .

Kennington, K. Wither, A., Shammon, T.M., Jones, P.D. & Hartnoll, R.G. (2002). Nutrient Inputs into the Irish Sea : Spatial and temporal perspectives. Hydrobiologia . 475/476: 29-38.

Kennington, K., Wither, A., Shammon, T.M. Jones, P. Kraberg A.C. & R.G. Hartnoll. (2003). The distribution of phytoplankton and nutrients in the North East Irish Sea during 2001. Environment Agency of the U.K. R & D Technical Report E1-049/TR5. 23pp.

Shammon, T.M., & Hartnoll, R.G. (2002). Long Term Studies of the Irish Sea : Environmental monitoring and contamination. Summary of results for the years 2000 and 2001. Reports to the Department of Local Government and the Environment, Isle of Man Government. (Port Erin Marine Laboratory).

Shammon, T.M. & Hartnoll, R.G. (2002). The winter and summer partitioning of dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus. Observations across the Irish Sea during 1997 and 1998. Hydrobiologia 475/476, 173-184.

Shammon, T.M. & R.G. Hartnoll. (2003). Long term studies of the Irish Sea : Environmental monitoring and contamination. Summary of results for years 2000 and 2001. Report to Department of Local Government and Environment, Isle of Man. No 9 & 10, 76 pp.

Shammon, T.M., Kennington, K. & Hartnoll, R.G. (2004). Long Term Studies of the Irish Sea : Environmental monitoring and contamination. Eleventh Report. Summary of results for the years 2002 and 2003. Report to the Department of Local Government and the Environment, Isle of Man Government. (Port Erin Marine Laboratory). 91 pp.

WESTERN ENGLISH CHANNEL

Araujo , J. N., Mackinson, S., Stanford, R. J., Sims, D. W., Southward, A. J., Hawkins, S. J., Ellis, J. R., & Hart, P. J. B. (In Press - 2006). Analysing the effects of food web interactions, climate change and fisheries on the western English Channel . Marine Ecology Progress Series.

Aiken, J., J. Fishwick, et al. (2003). The annual cycle of phytoplankton photosynthetic quantum efficiency, pigment composition and optical properties in the western English Channel. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 84(2): 301-313

Coombs, S.H., Halliday , N.C. , Southward, A.J. & Hawkins, S.J. 2005. Distribution and abundance of sardine ( Sardina pilchardus ) eggs in the English Channel from Continuous Plankton Recorder sampling, 1958-1980. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK , 85 : 1243-1247

Genner, M. J., D. W. Sims, et al. (2004). Regional climate warming drives long-term community changes of British marine fish. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London , Series B . 271: 655-661.

Hawkins, S. J., A. J. Southward, et al. (2003). Detection of environmental change in a marine ecosystem - evidence from the western English Channel . Science of the Total Environment. 310(1-3): 245-256.

Kaiser, M. J. and F. E. Spence (2002). Inconsistent temporal changes in the megabenthos of the English Channel . Marine Biology 141(2): 321-331.

Irigoien, X. and R. Harris (2003). Interannual variability of Calanus helgolandicus in the English Channel . Fisheries Oceanography 12: 317-326.

Irigoien, X., R. P. Harris, et al. (2000). North Atlantic oscillation and spring bloom phytoplankton composition in the English Channel . Journal of Plankton Research 22(12): 2367-2371.

John, E. H., S. D. Batten, et al. (2001). Comparison between zooplankton data collected by the Continuous Plankton Recorder survey in the English Channel and by WP-2 nets at station L4, Plymouth ( UK ). Journal of Sea Research 46(3/4): 223-232.

Sims, D. W., M. J. Genner, et al. (2001). Timing of squid migration reflects North Atlantic climate variability . Proceedings of the Royal Society of London . B . 268: 2607-2611.

Sims, D. W., V. J. Wearmouth, et al. (2004). Low-temperature-driven early spawning migration of a temperate marine fish . Journal of Animal Ecology 73: 333-341.

Southward, A. J., Langmead, O., Hardman-Mountford, N. J., Aiken, J., Boalch, G. T., Dando, P. R., Genner, M. J., Joint, I., Kendall, M. A., Halliday, N. C., Harris, R. P., Leaper, R., Mieskowska, N., Pingree, R. D., Richardson, A. J., Sims, D. W., Smith, T., Walne, A. W., Hawkins, S. J. (2005). Long-term Oceanographic and Ecological Research in the Western English Channel . Advances in Marine Biology . 47:1-105

NORTH SEA

Bremner, J., Frid C . & Rogers . (2003). Assessing marine ecosystem health: the long-term effects of fishing on functional biodiversity in North Sea benthos. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management. 6 (2):131-137.

Clark, R.A. and C.L.J. Frid. (2001). Long-term changes in the North Sea ecosystem. Environmental Reviews . 9: 131-187.

Robinson, L. & Frid, C . (Submitted). Extrinsic control of shelf sea ecosystems: Multi-decala dynamics in the North Sea- Implications for management. Ocean Shelf Sea Interactions: Implications for Biology and Fisheries.

MULTI-REGIONAL

Hiscock, K. and S. Kimmance (2003). Review of current and historical time-series seabed biological studies in the UK and near Europe . Report from the Marine Biological Association to the Joint Nature Conservation Committee. (JNCC contract:F90-01-563).

INTERTIDAL

Burrows, M.T., Moore, J., & James, B. 2002. Spatial scale synchrony of population changes in rocky shore communities in Shetland: implications for monitoring. Marine Ecology Progress Series 240 : 39-48.

Hawkins, S.J., Gibbs , P.E., Pope, N.D. Burt, G.R., Chesman, B.S., Bray, S., Proud, S.V., Spence, S.K., Southward, A. J. & Langston, W.J. (2002). Recovery of polluted ecosystems: the case for long-term studies . Marine Environmental Research , 54 : 215-222.

Herbert, R.J.H., Hawkins, S.J., Sheader, M. & Southward, A.J. (2003). Range extension and reproduction of the barnacle Balanus perforatus in the eastern English Channel . Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom . 83(1): 73-82.

Herbert, R.J.H., Southward, A.J., Sheader, M. & Hawkins, S.J. (in press). Influence of recruitment and temperature on distribution of intertidal barnacles in the English Channel . Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK .

Kendall , M.A., Hawkins, S.J., Burrows, M.T. & Southward, A.J. (2004). Predicting the effects of marine climate change on the invertebrate prey of the birds of rocky shores. Ibis (Special Edition) 146 : 40-47.

Kendall, M., N. Mieszkowska, et al. (submitted). Long-term changes in the distribution, size-age and longevity of some near limit populations of the trochid Oscillinus lineatus . Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom .

Lima , F.P., Queiroz, N., Ribeiro, P.A., Hawkins, S.J. & Santos, A.M. (in press). Geographic expansion of a marine gastropod, Patella rustica Linnaeus, 1758, and its relation with unusual climatic events. Journal of Biogeography

Mieszkowska, N, Kendall , M.A., Hawkins, S.J., Leaper, R., Williamson, P., Hardman-Mountford , N.J. & Southward, A.J. (2006). Changes in the range of some common rocky shore species in Britain - a response to climate change? Hydrobiologia 555 : 241-251.

Simkanin, C., A. M. Power, et al. (2005). Using historical data to detect temporal changes in the abundances of intertidal species on Irish shores. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 85(6): 1329-1340.

Simkanin, C.S., Power, A-M., Davenport , J., Myers, A.A. & McGrath, D. (2003). Monitoring intertidal community change in a warming world. The Irish Scientist 2003 Yearbook May 2003. Samton Limited.

 

Other Relevant Publications

Alheit, J. and E. Hagen (1997). Long-term climate forcing of European herring and sardine populations. Fisheries Oceanography 6(2): 130-139.

Hardman-Mountford , N.J. , Allen, J.I., Frost, M.T., Hawkins, S.J., Kendall , M.A., Mieszkowska, N., Richardson , K.A. & Somerfield, P.J. (2005). Diagnostic monitoring of a changing environment: An alternative U.K. perspective. Marine Pollution Bulletin 50 : 1463-1471.

Hawkins, S. J., P. E. Gibbs, et al. (2002). Recovery of polluted ecosystems: the case for long-term studies. Marine Environmental Research . 54(3-5): 215-222.

Hiscock, K., Southward, A.J., Tittley, I. & Hawkins, S.J. ( 2004). Effect of changing temperature on benthic marine life in Britain and Ireland . Aquatic Conservation 14 : 333-362.

Kroncke, I. , B. Zeiss, et al. (2001). Long-term Variability in Macrofauna Species Composition off the Island of Norderney (East Frisia, Germany) in relation to Changes in Climatic and Environmental Conditions. Senckenbergiana maritima 31(1): 65-82.

Risser, P. G. (1991). Long-term Ecological Research: An International Perspective . SCOPE 47., Wiley, UK .

Rogers, S. I. and B. Greenaway (2005). A UK perspective on the development of marine ecosystem indicators . Marine Pollution Bulletin 50: 9-19.

Robinson, G. A. (1985). Continuous plankton records; plankton, climate and fisheries of the western English Channel , ICES Council Meeting Papers. C.M.1985/L:41: 12.

Southward, A. J. (1967). Recent changes in abundance of intertidal barnacles in South-West England : a possible effect of climatic deterioration . Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 47: 81-95.

Southward, A. J. (1974). Changes in the plankton community of the western English Channel . Nature 249: 180-181.

Southward, A. J. (1980). The western English Channel - an inconstant ecosystem? Nature 285: 361-366.

Southward, A. J. (1984). Fluctuations in the "indicator" chaetognaths Sagitta elegans and Sagitta setosa in the western Channel . Oceanologica Acta 7: 229-239.

Southward, A. J. (1991). Forty Years of changes in species composition and population density of barnacles on a rocky shore near Plymouth . Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 71: 495-513.

Southward, A. J. (1995). The importance of long time-series in understanding the variability of natural systems . Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen 49(1): 329-333.

Southward, A. J. and G. T. Boalch (1994). The effect of changing climate on marine life: past events and future predictions . Exeter Maritime Studies 9: 101-143.

Southward, A. J., G. T. Boalch, et al. (1988). Fluctuations in the herring and pilchard fisheries of Devon and Cornwall linked to change in climate since the 16th century . Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 68: 423-445.

Southward, A. J., S. J. Hawkins, et al. (1995). Seventy years' observations of changes in distribution and abundance of zooplankton and intertidal organisms in the western English Channel in relation to rising sea temperature. Journal of Thermal Biology 20(1/2): 127-155.

Stebbing, A. R. D., S. M. T. Turk, et al. (2002). Immigration of southern fish species to south-west England linked to warming of the North Atlantic (1960-2001). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 82(2): 177-180.


 

MECN 2002 Marine EnvironmentalChange Network